Category — Animal Sciences
Klyde’s crate conditioning is going very well! Since my previous post, keepers have continued to work with him daily. To start, each evening they would close off access into the crate, giving Klyde a break from seeing it through the night. Then, in the morning, they would re-open it and he would find it contained his breakfast and extra treats. Each day keepers moved more and more of his breakfast into the crate, creating an inviting space that allowed Klyde to feel comfortable and confident. After several days, everyone felt they were at a point when no food needed to be offered in his other stalls except for in his crate. This was no issue for Klyde, as every crate experience he has had thus far has been very positive. He had no problem with his new designated feeding area. Each morning the food would appear an inch further back in the crate, from the day before. And every day, Klyde never even thought twice about his advancement into the crate.
By day nine, keeper Marjorie was able to stand outside the crate, toward the front and encourage him to come in as she tossed treats into his food pile to make every inch of progress as smooth as possible. Days 10 and 11 were breakthrough days for Klyde’s progress – he decided that his crate was really positive place to be and confidently walked in until he had all four feet in the crate! He was still not quite close enough to hand feed but having all four feet in, making that step up into the crate was a HUGE progression and his keepers were thrilled. Later on day 11 of training Marjorie decided to try one more quick session and attempted to get Klyde to walk in far enough to hand feed. He finally did it!! Marjorie was able to reach his lip and give him some of his favorite cookies for entering that far.
We are all so excited about Klyde’s progress moving forward! In the first 11 days of training it has gone far better than ever expected, but that’s what happens when keepers and animals have such a wonderful and positive relationship! Klyde is willing and wanting to work with his keepers and his keepers are allowing him to move at his comfort level… setting him up for success is the most important part of training!
May 8, 2013 No Comments
During the course of my day, I have the privilege of being around Binturongs. As a former University of Cincinnati student, and a lifelong resident of Cincinnati, I am also very familiar with the Bearcat mascot. Furthermore, being a snack food fan, I am also well aware of the satisfaction of a good bag of popcorn. So, you probably understand some of this, my experience with animals and mascots, but are a bit confused about what the topic of snack foods has to do with me working at a Zoo.
First, a bit of information on Binturongs for you; Binturongs (Arctictis binturong), are also known as Bearcats. They are found in the forests of Southeast Asia where they easily climb trees, using their prehensile tails for balance and to hold onto branches, as they search for the small animals and fruit they eat. When they are not moving around, which is about half of the day, these viverrids prefer to curl up over a branch or fork in a tree to rest and relax. While active at night, they don’t have a set pattern of activity and can be found foraging for food during the day too. Binturongs communicate with each other by leaving scent markings. These olfactory signals (scents/smells) are great, since these “messages” last for days and even weeks. The messages can say that this is their territory, a good keep out sign, or be similar to a posting on one of the dating services we see on the web; SBw/WFB seeking SBw/WMB (Single black and white haired female Binturong seeking Single black and white haired male Binturong!)
A quick note about the mascot, before we talk snacks. The University of Cincinnati, “Bearcat” originated in 1914 while folks were cheering during a football game. UC was playing the Kentucky “Wildcats” and we had a fullback named Leonard Baehr. The cheerleaders encouraged the crowd to repeat, “They may be Wildcats, but we have a ‘Baehr-cat’ on our side.” So after many years the Bearcat became the official mascot of the school. In 1985, Mike Dulaney, Curator of Mammals for the Cincinnati Zoo (CZBG) began taking “Alice” our Bearcat to UC games, for the fans to enjoy. Today, Alice’s successor “Lucy” can be seen walking along the sidelines at football and basketball games. [Read more →]
March 25, 2013 3 Comments
My introduction to Aardvarks was on Saturday mornings, when “Aardvark” chased a red ant named “Charlie”, always unsuccessful in catching his meal, in the cartoon “The Aardvark and the Ant”. I did like the Aardvark, although I must admit I rooted for the ant!
Later, I found out that Aardvarks aren’t blue and don’t wear shirts and shorts. They do eat ants and beetles, but the majority of the food they eat comes in the form of termites. They use their long and sharp claws on their front feet to dig into the hard ground and open termite mounds. A long, thin tongue is used to pick up the termites from the exposed tunnels. To make the process of eating thousands of termites more efficient the Aardvarks don’t chew their food (a lot like my bulldogs at home), and use the heavily muscled walls of their stomach to crush anything that they eat.
Aardvarks are solitary animals and spend most of their time out of their burrows at night. The burrows and the piles of dirt they excavate are important in providing dens and habitats for a large number of other animal and plant species. When they leave their burrows, Aardvarks will travel up to three miles in search of food, usually taking a path that zigzags through their home range. Aardvarks have scent glands and males are attracted to females in estrus when the female emits a particular scent. Females will give birth to a single offspring (sometimes twins are produced) after a seven month pregnancy and the male doesn’t help raise the young. The youngsters are born in the dens and will have their eyes open at birth and also have fully developed claws.
Because of their nocturnal habits, and the fact that they like to lead a more secretive life than the blue Aardvark I watched on Saturday morning, Aardvarks usually do not interact with humans. Unfortunately, farmers in Africa would prefer that these animals stay off of their property, since their burrows cause problems for livestock and the earthen dams that are built to contain water for the farms. Populations in Africa are hard to determine, due to that secretive lifestyle, and there is some concern that these animals are being taken for the bush meat trade.
Aardvarks are somewhat difficult to breed in captivity. Here at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden we have enjoyed a successful program involving the propagation of Aardvarks, over the last several decades. “Padmae”, our young female that is now almost four years old was acquired for use as one of the animals that walk through the Park to meet our guests, up close and personal. The keeper staff noticed that she became very active and there was a distinct odor that she was producing, in April of 2012. The thought was that she was probably in estrus, meaning that she was probably ovulating and could produce a baby if she mated with a male. Padmae was moved to the Veldt to visit with our breeding male Aardvark and remained there for several months. The staff noted that the pair did breed during the last week of August and into September. On December 18, 2012 an ultrasound was performed on her and it was confirmed that she is pregnant. Based on the sonogram, below, and the recorded breeding dates, we are expecting a baby Aardvark between April 15 and May 15, 2013.
In preparation for the birth of a baby Aardvark, which has been described as looking like an alien creature, we are making modifications to the area in the Children’s Zoo Nursery. A closed circuit surveillance system is being installed, so that volunteers can monitor Padmae as her due date approaches. A whelping box is going into her stall soon, so that she has a secure place to give birth. The Nursery Staff is getting ready too. Since the females roam so much at night, sometimes they are too active in a captive situation for a newborn. The staff will be ready to pull the baby, during the nighttime hours, hand feed the youngster, and place the infant back with the female when she would be caring for it in the den during the day.
Stay tuned! We will keep you up to date on Padmae’s progress and our hope is that this first time mother will produce a healthy baby, this spring. Stop by the Nursery, at the Children’s Zoo, to visit our expectant mother and see how well she is doing for yourself.
March 13, 2013 1 Comment